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Imipenem

CAS No:
74431-23-5 Categories: , ,
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Product Details:

  • Product Name: Imipenem
  • CAS #: 74431-23-5
  • Mode of Action:

    Imipenem acts as an antimicrobial through the inhibition of cell wall synthesis of various gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. This inhibition of cell wall synthesis in gram-negative bateria is attained by binding to pencillin binding proteins (PBPs). In E. coli and selected strains of P. aeruginosa, imipenem has shown to have the highest affinity to PBP-2, PBP-1a, and PBP-1b. This preferential binding to PBP-2 and PBP-1b results in the direct conversion of the individual cell to a spheroblast, which leads to rapid cell lysis and death without filament formation.

  • Pharmacodynamics:

    Imipenem is a beta-lactam antibiotic belongings to the subgroup of carbapenems. Imipenem has a broad spectrum of activity against aerobic and anaerobic Gram positive as well as Gram negative bacteria. It is particularly important for its activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the Enterococcus species. Imipenem is rapidly degraded by the renal enzyme dehydropeptidase when administered alone, and is always co-administered with cilastatin to prevent this inactivation.

  • Metabolism:

    Renal.

  • IUPAC: (5R, 6S)-3-({2-[(E)-(aminomethylidene)amino]ethyl}sulfanyl)-6-[(1R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-7-oxo-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid
  • PubChem: 5282372
  • DrugBank: DB01598
  • Formula: C35H44I6N6O15
  • Molecular Mass: 299.346
  • Synonyms: Imipemide Imipenem, n-formimidoyl thienamycin IMP N-formimidoylthienamycin
  • SMILES: C[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1[C@H]2CC(SCCN=CN)=C(N2C1=O)C(O)=O
  • InChl: ZSKVGTPCRGIANV-ZXFLCMHBSA-N
  • General Reference:

    1. Kattan JN, Villegas MV, Quinn JP: New developments in carbapenems. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2008 Dec;14(12):1102-11. Pubmed
    2. Pastel DA: Imipenem-cilastatin sodium, a broad-spectrum carbapenem antibiotic combination. Clin Pharm. 1986 Sep;5(9):719-36. Pubmed
    3. Clissold SP, Todd PA, Campoli-Richards DM: Imipenem/cilastatin. A review of its antibacterial activity, pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic efficacy. Drugs. 1987 Mar;33(3):183-241. Pubmed
    4. Buckley MM, Brogden RN, Barradell LB, Goa KL: Imipenem/cilastatin. A reappraisal of its antibacterial activity, pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic efficacy. Drugs. 1992 Sep;44(3):408-44. Pubmed
    5. Richerson MA, Ambrose PG, Quintiliani R, Nightingale CH: Formulary review of the carbapenems: comparison of imipenem/cilastatin and meropenem. Conn Med. 1998 Mar;62(3):165-9. Pubmed
    6. Birnbaum J, Kahan FM, Kropp H, MacDonald JS: Carbapenems, a new class of beta-lactam antibiotics. Discovery and development of imipenem/cilastatin. Am J Med. 1985 Jun 7;78(6A):3-21. Pubmed
    7. Hellinger WC, Brewer NS: Imipenem. Mayo Clin Proc. 1991 Oct;66(10):1074-81. Pubmed
    8. Kahan FM, Kropp H, Sundelof JG, Birnbaum J: Thienamycin: development of imipenen-cilastatin. J Antimicrob Chemother. 1983 Dec;12 Suppl D:1-35. Pubmed

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