LGM Pharma

Vildagliptin

CAS No: 274901-16-5

Vildagliptin

LGM Pharma is a Vildagliptin 274901-16-5 active pharmaceutical ingredient supplier distributor, based in the USA.

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LGM Pharma offers this active ingredient but not the finished dosage forms.

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Product Details:

CAS No: 274901-16-5
ATC code: A10BH02 A10BD08 with metformin
Molecular Weight: 303.399 g/mol
PubChem: 6918537
Chemical Formula: C17 H25 N3 O2
Assay/Purity: Typically NLT 98%
IUPAC Name: (S)-1-[N-(3-hydroxy-1-adamantyl)glycyl]pyrrolidine-2-carbonitrile

Vildagliptin News:

Vildagliptin (previously identified as LAF237, trade name Galvus) is a new oral anti-hyperglycemic agent of the new dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor class of drugs. Vildagliptin inhibits the inactivation of GLP-1 by DPP-4, allowing GLP-1 and GIP to potentiate the secretion of insulin in the beta cells and suppress glucagon release by the alpha cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. Vildagliptin has been shown to reduce hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Novartis has since withdrawn its intent to submit vildagliptin to the FDA, as of July 2008. The Food and Drug Administration had demanded additional clinical data before it could approve vildagliptin including extra evidence that skin lesions and kidney impairment seen during an early study on animals have not occurred in human trials. While the drug is still not approved for use in the US, it was approved in Feb 2008 by European Medicines Agency for use within the EU.

Combination with metformin

The EMEA has also approved a new oral treatment released by Novartis, called Eucreas, a combination of vildagliptin and metformin.

Cancer risk of DPP-4 inhibitors

The DPP-4 enzyme is known to be involved in the suppression of certain malignancies, particularly in limiting the tissue invasion of these tumours. Inhibiting the DPP-4 enzymes may allow some cancers to progress. A study of DPP-4 inhibition in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) concluded that "DPPIV functions as a tumor suppressor, and its downregulation may contribute to the loss of growth control in NSCLC cells. The risk of cancer suppression with DPP-4 down-regulation applies to all the DPP-4 inhibitors on the market in addition to vildagliptin (sitagliptin and saxagliptin)

Synthetic Chemistry

600pxSource: 1-(3-Hydroxy-1-adamantyl)amino]acetyl]-2-cyano-(S)-pyrrolidine: A Potent, Selective, and Orally Bioavailable Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitor with Antihyperglycemic Properties


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